Diseases that can be treated with a transplant

A bone marrow transplant may be the best treatment option or the only potential for a cure for patients with leukemia, lymphoma, sickle cell anemia and many other diseases. As the science of transplant continues to advance, new diseases are being treated with transplant.

Leukemia and lymphomas, including:

  • Acute myelogeneous leukemia(AML): The most common type of acute leukemia, AML can affect people of any age, but is most common in adults.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL): It can affect people of any age, but is the most common type of leukemia in children under 15.
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL): Primarily an adult disease, CLL is very rare in children and young adults.
  • Chronic myelogeneous leukemia(CML): A relatively common form of leukemia, most cases of CML appears in adults.
  • Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia
  • Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma(NHL): Affects people of older ages, people are majorly older than 60.

Bone marrow diseases and other diseases when bone marrow fails to work, including:

  • Severe Aplastic anemia: The disease appears more often in eastern Asian countries. It can affect people of any age, but is most common in young adults.
  • Fanconi anemia
  • Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH)
  • Pure red cell aplasia
  • Amegakaryocytosis/congenital thrombocytopenia

Inherited immune system disorders, including:

  • Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID, all types): SCID is a group of inherited immune system disorders that are present at birth. They can become life-threatening within the first year of life if left untreated.
  • Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome(WAS): WAS is an inherited immune system disorder that is present at birth. It affects mostly boys.

Hemoglobinopathies (diseases with poorly functioning red blood cells), including:

  • Beta thalassemia major

Sickle cell disease (SCD): Sickle cell disease is an inherited disease of the red blood cells & is most common among African Americans and Hispanics.