APHERESIS:

Peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) donation is one of two methods of collecting stem cells from donor. PBSC donation is a nonsurgical procedure, called apheresis.

PREPARATION:

Before donation, up to 5 days, an injection to the donor is given to multiply stem cells and bring them into blood stream for easier extraction.

DONATION:

Similar to platelet donation process, stem cells are extracted. Blood from donor is removed through a needle in one arm and passed through a machine which extracts stem cells from the blood and; remaining blood is returned to the donors through a needle in the other arm.


TIMING:

90% of all PBSC donations are completed in 1 apheresis session, which may take up to 8 hours. The remaining 10% of the donations are completed in 2 apheresis sessions, which will take 4 to 6 hours each.

SIDE-EFFECTS:

only 25% donors show a side effects like temporary headache or body ache.

RECOVERY OF DONOR:

Recovery time is 72 hours for over 75% donors and rest within 2-3 weeks.


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